Java always makes a copy of the argument and passes the copy. The called method has a local copy of the data. If the method changes the data it changes the copy, so the original value is not changed. When we pass a primitive like int this make perfect sense. The method gets its own int variable, a copy of the original.
When we pass an object we have to think very precisely. The value that is copied and sent along is a reference or pointer to the object. The method gets its own copy of the pointer, but it doesn’t get its own copy of the object. If the method changes its copy of the pointer to point to a different object the original pointer is not affected. If the method changes some of the attributes of the object, it changes the original object.
In short in java, object references are passed by reference and primitive types are passed by value.